Dallas is racially segregated.
In the 1950s, Dallas city leaders built public housing to contain and segregate African Americans into certain neighborhoods. Beginning in the 1980s, LIHTCs replaced public housing units as the largest source of affordable housing. LIHTCs are similar to public housing with a similar pattern of segregated locations and negative site characteristics.
The racial segregation of the LIHTC units regulated by and administered by defendants now exceeds the racial segregation in Dallas public housing achieved by de jure and other overt discrimination. As of 2013, 97% of non-elderly LIHTC units in the City of Dallas were located in census tracts with more than 50% minority residents. This is based on the TDHCA Property Inventory January 2014 report. The degree of segregation in the LIHTC program administered by TDHCA is the same as was produced by that history of federal involvement in public housing segregation. The overt racial segregation of public housing in the City of Dallas with federal government financing, approval and regulatory acceptance placed 6,100 of the 6,400 non-elderly public housing units in the City of Dallas in minority concentrated areas. 95% of the non-elderly public housing units were in census tracts with more than 50% minority residents as of 1994. The Fifth Circuit described the history of this pattern as “a sordid tale of overt and covert racial discrimination and segregation.” Walker v. City of Mesquite, 169 F.3d 973, 976, 976 n. 4 (5th Cir. 1999), cert. denied, 528 U.S. 1131 (2000).
Although the pattern is the same, the scale of the segregated tax credit housing is substantially greater than the scale of the segregated public housing. There were 6,100 non-elderly public housing units in minority concentrated areas of Dallas as of 1994. There were 19,511 non-elderly tax credit units in the City of Dallas minority concentrated areas as of 2013.
Independent from ICP efforts, in November of 2013 HUD found the City of Dallas in violation of Civil Rights Laws. HUD Letter of Findings of Non-Compliance. The following article discusses Dallas’ history of segregation in low income housing with respect to the 2013 HUD findings. HUD Investigation Recalls Dallas Troubled History with Low Income Housing
Racial segregation in housing is not new to Dallas. Low income families live in minority areas in Dallas because that is the only place where low income housing is placed. Landlords in white areas do not usually accept S8 vouchers. Racial Segregation of Dallas Low Income Housing Tax Credit Units